Systematic and palaeoecology of Psychodidae (Insecta: Diptera) from Miocene Mexican amber

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2014
Authors:F. Stebner, Kraemer M. M. Solórz
Journal:Palaeontographica, Abt. A: Palaeozoology – Stratigraphy
Volume:303
Issue:1-3
Pagination:1-21
Date Published:September 2014
Keywords:mexican amber, Miocene, palaeoecology, Psychodidae, systematics
Abstract:

Psychodidae is a family of nematoceran flies distributed worldwide with about 3000 extant and more than 90 fossil species from
diverse Tertiary and Cretaceous ambers. However, the fossil and also recent psychodid fauna from Mexico is still poorly investigated
although Mexican amber is one of the most important amber deposits of the Tertiary and the region is considered to belong to a
megadiversity area today. In the present work 40 fossil Psychodidae in Mexican amber from Simojovel are studied with the focus on
systematic descriptions and palaeoecological significance. The composition of the fossil psychodid fauna with primarily subaquatic
and terrestrial genera but only a few aquatic representatives indicates a tropical forest with damp ground containing masses of
decomposing organic matter. Six new species and one new genus are described: Trichomyia richardi n. sp., Trichomyia axeli n. sp.,
Psychoda rusti n. sp., Psychoda tzotzili n. sp., Philosepedon apozonallii n. sp. and Matuna bechlyi n. gen. et sp.

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