Localities

Agapa

  • The earlier Late Cretaceous (Late Cenomanian) fossil resins (retinites) are collected from sand of the Dolganian Formation at the Nizhnyaya Agapa River in the West Taimyr Peninsula (North Siberia). Some 700 insect and spider inclusions have been found there thus far (ZHERIKHIN & SUKATSHEVA 1973).

    Type of preservation: fossil resin
    Continent:
    Country:
    Age: Cenomanian

Agdzhakend

  • The resin is found in Yukhary Agdzhakend, the Azerbaidzhanian part of the Minor Caucasus Mountains, in lagoon and deltaic deposits of the Early Cenomanian (earliest Late Cretaceous) age. It superficially resembles some varieties of Lebanese, Spanish, and French Cretaceous “ambers”. More than 100 inclusions have been found representing 8 insect orders (dipterans are dominant), as well as spiders and mites (ZHERIKHIN 1978)

    Type of preservation: fossil resin
    Continent:
    Country:
    Age: Cenomanian
    References:
    Razvitie i smena melovykh i kainozoiskikh faunisticheskikh kompleksov (trakheinye i khelitserovye). [Development and changes of the Cretaceous and Cenozoic faunal assemblages (Tracheata and Chelicerata)]

Aix-en-Provence

  • Famous Oligocene gypsum bearing marls near Aix in Bouche-du-Rhône; France, yielded rich insect and plant material. Correlated to the nanoplankton zone NP 23 and mammalian zone MP 26 (MAI 1995) and hence to the earliest Late Oligocene (basal Chattian: SCHMIDT-KITTLER 1987). Many insects described by THÉOBALD (1937) and other earlier students badly need revision.

    Type of preservation: impression
    Continent:
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    Age: Chattian
    References:
    Note complémentaire sur les insectes fossiles oligocènes des gypses d'Aix-en-Provence

Álava

  • This recently discovered amber originates from Basque-Canthabrian Basin near Álava (Northern Spain); its age is estimated as Late Aptian-Middle Albian (later Early Cretaceous; ALONSO et al. 2000). To date more than 1500 inclusions have been found. Besides numerous Diptera and Hymenoptera, some rare groups were recorded such as Orthoptera and Crustacea Isopoda (ORTUÑO 1998).

    Type of preservation: fossil resin
    Continent:
    Country:
    Age: Aptian, Albian
    References:
    A NEW FOSSIL RESIN WITH BIOLOGICAL INCLUSIONS IN LOWER CRETACEOUS DEPOSITS FROM A´ LAVA (NORTHERN SPAIN, BASQUE-CANTABRIAN BASIN)

Alfred Mine

  • Synonyms:
    Bitterfeld/Delitz Allegheny Series, Delitz Allegheny Formation

    Late Middle Carboniferous (Westphalian D), of the Appalachian area, Eastern USA (PHILLIPS & PEPPERS 1984).

    Type of preservation: impression
    Continent:
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    Age: Moscovian

Amgu

  • Synonyms:
    Amagu

    The tuffaceous mudstones of the Khutsin Formation at the right side of Kudya River (a tributary of Amgu, or Amagu, or Granatovaya, in Terney District in the Maritime Province of the eastern Russia) have yielded some 500 fossil insects. The deposits were often dated as the Late Oligocene or Early Miocene, but currently are considered older, earlier in the Oligocene or even Late Eocene (ZHERIKHIN 1998).

    Type of preservation: impression
    Continent:
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Arkagala

  • The supposedly Cenomanian (earliest Late Cretaceous) mudstones of the Arkagala Formation are exposed at the Arkagala coal quarry at upper Kolyma basin, East Siberia (ZHERIKHIN 1978: 94). More than 1000 insect remains (mainly undescribed beetles) are available.

    Type of preservation: impression
    Continent:
    Country:
    Age: Cenomanian
    References:
    Razvitie i smena melovykh i kainozoiskikh faunisticheskikh kompleksov (trakheinye i khelitserovye). [Development and changes of the Cretaceous and Cenozoic faunal assemblages (Tracheata and Chelicerata)]

Arkansas amber

  • This amber originates from the hard coals of the Claiborn Formation near Malvern Coalfield in Arkansas (USA). The age of the Claiborn Formation is estimated as the Middle Eocene. Several hundred of insect and spider inclusions have been found, numerous aphids should be noted (see SAUNDERS et al. 1974).

    Type of preservation: fossil resin
    Continent:
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    Age: Lutetian

Atanikerdluk

  • The insects are collected in the Early Palaeocene (Danian) deposits at the Atanikerdluk Mt. (Nugssuaq Peninsula) and nearby in western Greenland; some insects are thermophilous (ZHERIKHIN 1978: 102).

    Type of preservation: impression
    Continent:
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    Age: Danian
    References:
    Razvitie i smena melovykh i kainozoiskikh faunisticheskikh kompleksov (trakheinye i khelitserovye). [Development and changes of the Cretaceous and Cenozoic faunal assemblages (Tracheata and Chelicerata)]

Austrian amber

  • Probably the oldest known insectiferous fossil resins are found in Groling, Austria. Their age is estimated as Early Cretaceous, probably Hauterivian. A few dipterans were found in this amber (SCHLEE 1984, BORKENT 1997).

    Type of preservation: fossil resin
    Continent:
    Country:
    References:
    Upper and Lower Cretaceous biting midges (Ceratopogonidae) from Hungarian and Austrian amber and the Koonwarra fossil bed of Australia

Babiy Kamen

  • A few insects, myriapods and other fossils are found in that locality in the Tom’ River, Kuznetsk Basin, S. Siberian, in the upper part of the Maltsevo Formation which is of the Early Triassic age (PONOMARENKO & SUKATSHEVA 1998)

    Type of preservation: impression
    Continent:
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Baissa

  • The most important earlier Early Cretaceous insect locality represents marls and limestones of the Zaza Formation outcropping on the left bank (facing downstream) of Vitim River in its upper stream (West Transbaikalia in Central Siberia). More than 10,000 fossil insects, often of excellent preservation state, have been collected there, some of them even displaying well preserved pollen food within their gut (KRASSILOV & RASNITSYN 1982). Another important feature of the locality is the quick climatic change reflected in changes of the insect assemblage composition (e. g. VRŠANSKÝ 1997, ZHERIKHIN et al. 1999 and references therein; earlier these changes were described as cyclic, but the upper part of the section revealing a ‘cooler’ insect assemblage similar though not identical to that from below in the section has been found to represent the tectonically uplifted block: ZHERIKHIN et al. 1999). Proposed correlation is to the Purbeck (RASNITSYN et al. 1998), although there are also alternative proposed datings (see ZHERIKHIN et al. 1999)

    Type of preservation: impression
    Continent: Asia-Temperate
    Country: Russia
    References:
    A unique find: pollen in the intestine of Early Cretaceous sawflies
    Piniblattella gen. nov. - the most ancient genus of the family Blattellidae (Blattodea) from the Lower Cretaceous of Siberia

Bakhar

  • Insectiferous marls, mudstones, and paper shales of the Togo-Khuduk Member, Bakhar Series, in Central Mongolia (Bayan-Khongor Aymag, 12 km NE of Tsetsen-Ula Mt.) have yielded some 5,000 fossil insects (SINITZA 1993). Usually correlated to the Middle Jurassic, though the Late Jurassic age is not excluded (PONOMARENKO 1998b).

    Type of preservation: impression
    Continent:
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Bakhioti

Baltic amber

  • The most famous source of the fossil insects of the best preservation is collected in bulk since antiquity re-deposited along the eastern part of the south beach of Baltic. The least re-deposited is probably the amber dug out from so called blue earth (Prussian Formation) of Late Eocene age. The original source of the resin is supposed to be open mixed pine forests that covered the Scandinavian Shield territory in the Eocene times. The number of fossils collected is innumerable, and that of the insect species described or indicated is near 3,000. For details see LARSSON (1978), ZHERIKHIN (1978, 1998), POINAR (1992a), GRIMALDI (1996), and WEITSCHAT & WICHARD (1998).

    Type of preservation: fossil resin
    Continent: Europe
    Country:
    References:
    Baltic amber - A palaeobiological study
    Razvitie i smena melovykh i kainozoiskikh faunisticheskikh kompleksov (trakheinye i khelitserovye). [Development and changes of the Cretaceous and Cenozoic faunal assemblages (Tracheata and Chelicerata)]

Bandoc

  • An “earthy amber” similar to the Sumatra resin is known from the Pliocene deposits of the Bandoc Peninsula at Luzon Island, Philippines; a single dipteran inclusion has been recorded (DURHAM 1956)

    Type of preservation: fossil resin
    Continent:
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    Age: Pliocene

Barstow Formation

  • Later Middle Miocene (EBERTLY & STANLEY 1978) in Mojave Desert, California, USA. Calcareous nodules contain small silicified arthropods (crustaceans, arachnids and insects, mainly immatures biting midges and diving beetles) of excellent preservation state (SEIPLE 1983 and references therein)

    Type of preservation: impression
    Continent:
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Bayadag

  • Continent:
    Country: Turkmenistan
    Age: Pliocene

Bayadag, Monzhukly

  • Continent:
    Country: Turkmenistan
    Age: Pliocene

Bayan-Teg

  • Some 1,000 insects have been collected in marls at the Bayan Teg Coal Quarry in the Uver-Khangay Aymag, Mongolia, of supposedly Middle Jurassic age.

    Type of preservation: impression
    Continent:
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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith